King


King
/kɪŋ/ (say king)

noun
1. Billie Jean (born Billie Jean Moffitt), born 1943, US tennis player; Wimbledon champion 1966–68, 1972–73, 1975; US Open Champion 1967, 1971–72, 1974.
2. Inge(borg) Victoria, born 1918 in Germany, Australian sculptor.
3. James (`James King of Irrawang'), 1800–57, Australian pioneer merchant and vigneron, born in England.
4. John, 1841–72, Australian explorer, born in Ireland; a member, and the only survivor, of Burke and Wills' expedition (1860–61).
5. (William Lyon) Mackenzie, 1874–1950, Canadian politician; prime minister 1921–26, 1926–30, and 1935–48.
6. Martin Luther, Jr, 1929–68, US Baptist minister and civil rights leader; assassinated.
7. Mick (Joseph Wakefield Kent), 1893–1948, Australian middleweight boxer.
8. Philip Gidley, 1758–1808, English naval officer and colonial administrator; governor of NSW 1800–1806; also noted as an amateur artist.
9. Phillip Parker, 1791–1856, son of Philip Gidley, Australian-born British naval officer and coastal explorer in Australia.
10. (Elwyn) Roy, 1894–1941, Australian aviator and engineer; noted as a flying ace during World War I.
11. William Francis (`the Flying Pieman'), 1807–73, Australian runner and colourful personality, born in England.
Philip Gidley King was born in Launceston, Cornwall, and after entering the navy in 1770 saw action in the American War of Independence. In 1786 Captain Arthur Phillip appointed him second lieutenant on the First Fleet flagship, HMS Sirius. He was commandant of Norfolk Island from February 1788 to March 1790 and lieutenant governor until October 1796. In September 1800 he succeeded John Hunter as governor of NSW, introducing social and economic reforms, and prohibiting the illicit trade in rum and other goods. Although opposed by the military, and by Irish political prisoners, who rebelled against him in the 1804 Castle Hill uprising, King increased government control; expanded farming; developed the coal, beer, clothing, wine and wool industries; founded a newspaper; and established settlements at Newcastle, Hobart, Launceston and Port Phillip Bay. King was succeeded by William Bligh in 1806.
Phillip Parker King was born at Norfolk Island and educated in England. In 1817 he sailed for Australia to complete Matthew Flinders' surveys of the north coast. For five years King pursued this task; the resulting surveys made possible the first British settlements on the north coast, and are still incorporated in modern charts. He published a Narrative of a Survey of the Intertropical and Western Coasts of Australiain 1827. Five surveys of the South American coast followed (1826–30). Thereafter he controlled, as commissioner, the Australian Agricultural Company (1839–49) and became a conservative member of the NSW Legislative Council (1850).

Australian English dictionary. 2014.

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